Tuesday, 2 June 2015

GMC Triseries 2014/15 Race 3

25 April 2015

I was only able to participate in 1 of the races in this year's GMC Tri Series due to my hectic racing schedule. It was the Season finale race for us here in Qatar. Part of me was happy that the season is over so I can rest and do something else other than training and racing, but part of me was not ready to let go the best racing season I ever had. I did New York Marathon, Challenge Bahrain, Dubai Marathon, RAK Half Marathon, WTS Abu Dhabi, Nissan Triathlon Festival plus some local events this season. I was still recovering from a flu and was not feeling 100% , but I cannot afford to miss the last race of the season by sitting at home and feeling miserable. It was also a farewell race for my running buddy from DBRC, Alicia Mc Lennan who will be leaving Qatar for good the following day.


It is unique to the GMC tri series that the swim was held in a pool instead of open water.  I felt good during the swim. I just maintained a nice steady rhythm. I was still slow and need to work more on my technique, but I felt relaxed going into the bike.

500m Swim: 12:12 (Ranked 60/91)



The weather was nasty. We were riding in a sandstorm with 30kmh wind speed plus some gusty crosswinds. I made a mistake for not changing my Zipp 808 deep aero wheel for the race. I found it very difficult to control my bike and the wind kept pushing me off the course. It was difficult and almost scary for a novice cyclist/triathlete like me to ride in this condition. The course was also quite technical. It was all cobbles with speed humps, roundabouts and tight corners to navigate. I tried my best under the circumstances and never felt stronger on the bike in any triathlon events before. I hated the conditions but loved the experience.     

20km Bike 40:19 (Ranked 46/91)

Ride in a stormy weather was fun

Fresh after the bike, I ran hard. It was hot and I started to feel sick but I was not going to take it easy. We ran four laps around the venue and close to the start/finish. Running in laps, we were always close to the crowd. It really helped me to push and I forgot about my sickness. I really enjoyed overtaking people. It was like the Pacman game. I was only being overtaken once, on my last lap, by a pro triathlete, Ryan Christian. I was imagining that I was in Elite Men’s race of a World Triathlon Series race when Ryan overtook me. His strides his speed and running form are typical to that of WTS pros. I huffed and puffed my way to finish the run. I was happy with my performance today and glad I did it. The race was very well organised and we also had awesome support from the volunteers, who are mostly the members of Triclub Doha. Now I cannot wait for the new season to start in October. 2016 will be a triathlon year for me.  

5km Run 22:24(Ranked 17/91)

Overall1:18:09 (Ranked 40/91)

Loving the pain
Ryan Christian, now a pro triathlete based in Girona, Spain

Cant wait for the new season
Farewell Alicia. Tom Whateley the GMC Triseries 2014/2015 Champion  
Qatar's top triathletes, Aday Alvarez (ESP) A.Shokarev (UKR) Tom (GBR) Ryan (AUS)
With PelariStyloYo 's Relay team. They finished 3rd. Congratulations 

With the ever happening guys fro FIT-Q

Monday, 11 May 2015

Nissan Triathlon Festival Dubai 2015

I was not planning to participate in this race. It was a last minute decision as a substitute for Rotterdam Marathon after my leave was not approved. The race was orrigionally scheduled on 3rd April but was postponed to 17th April following a massive sandstorm that engulfed the whole GCC region a day prior to the race. I was supposed to go with Dave Walsh and Alan Sawyer, my buddies from Triclub Doha but they weren't able to join the race on 17th as they all have made prior arrangements. So I was left 'Billy no mates' going to Dubai.

The event was held at The Atlantis resort Palm Jumeirah. I only realized how big the Palm was when I took a taxi ride on Thursday evening to check on the venue.


I put a lot of time in the last month to practice my swim with my coaches Ben Laferty and Michael Simpson from Hamilton Aquatics knowing it is my weakest sport. I have improved from 2:30/100m to around 2:05/100m average over a 1500m distance in a pool. So I was pretty confident to clock a better swim leg in Dubai.

The water was as calm as lake. It was a deep water start as it was low tide and the beach was full of sharp rocks. I started off well and managed to stay in the main pack until the second buoy. I thought the swim was longer than it should. I got tired and lost my swimming form. I did not feel supported by the water and by the second lap I was being dropped to the very tail of the swim pack. Only now I'd truly appreciate swimming in a wetsuit. The swim was also longer than it should. It was 1.65 km on my watch and all the people I talked to after the race agreed. 

Almost the last out of the water


Knowing I had a lot to catch up, I was determined to cycle at full throttle. The bike course was very technical and the most challenging I have ever raced on. The 42 km (again the course was longer) were littered with speed humps, yellow strips and tight corners at roundabouts and underground U-turn. It was also very hilly with tunnel, flyover and ramps. I pedaled hard and was really happy with my effort. Going down the tunnel was an experience when my top speed was 71.7km/h. It's not everyday that my bike was faster than the cars.  But I suffered going up the tunnel and the flyover every time. My bike was even stalled at one point. In the end my average speed was 30.5km/h and I could not have been happier given the circumstances.

Going to T2


The thought of digging deep and mount the last attack in the run was not materialized. I limped and could barely run at all. It was already too hot then and I was already tired when I started the run. Well thanks to my awesome bike leg. I forgot that triathlon is not Swim+Bike+Run but 'Swimbikerun'. I was even being lapped by few Arab girls clad in their head scarf while running fully covered under the hot sun. I was so ashamed of myself. I just cannot wait to cross the finish line. The uninspiring running course certainly did not help. Good thing that they had plenty of volunteers and the support stations were adequate with plenty of cold water. I kept going with the aim just to finish. 

Personal Worst. Just glad it was over

I crossed the line with a time of 3:17:54. Officially my personal worst Olympic Distance triathlon, but I could not care less. I just wanted to go back to the hotel and rest.

Nice way to cool off after the race
I may not have the best of experience in this race, but I was happy that I have made a big improvement on the bike. That is exactly what I am planning to do next, to improve on my bike. Cycling takes the biggest chunk in a triathlon, so that's where I should be focusing on.  I will take up coaching and start riding with the big boys when I go back to Doha.

Monday, 13 April 2015

QCF/QCR Individual Time Trial

I was excited to participate in the ITT held yesterday to see how far have I improved since the last ITT in September last year. After some trainings and few upgrades done to my Roubaix I was expecting a good result. I was not alone this time, as Hani was also took part for the very first time. She just bought a Specialized Amira three days ago and rode just twice before the race.

The race was held around Losail sports complex and it was a better venue than Ceremonial road as it was flat and closed to traffic. I forgot my bike computer and without it I was clueless and just rode by feel and the windy condition was not helping either. When the result came out, I was a little disappointed to see myself ranked 20th of the 22 finishers in the Open Male category even though my average speed was 32.8km/h which was a lot better than my current record for that course segment in Strava which was 30.2km/h. Hani did very well finishing at 14th of 18 finishers in her category considering she only started riding less than a week and rode the bike in running shoes.

Hani with her new Specialized Amira. I think she will start training for triathlon soon too.

Loving my new Zipp 808 aero wheel
The event ended up on a high note when I finally got the chance to meet my triathlon idol, Ryan Christian who won the race in a mind boggling average speed of 46.4km/h. He just qualified for Ironman World Championship after finishing 4th in his division in the Ironman Asia Pacific Championship recently. That was his first Ironman too after making his mark among the world's top triathletes in 70.3 distance. So if I want to swim bike and ride like Ryan, I better start training like Ryan too.    
When I grow up I want to be like Ryan Christian

The Malaysian contingent, L-R, Najib, Me, Hani, Lolyta, David and Yusry. Congratulations to all especially Lolyta for finishing 10th in her category in her first ITT. 

Thursday, 9 April 2015

ITU World Triathlon Abu Dhabi 2015

Oh my GOD! The World Triathlon Series (WTS) is coming to the Middle East, and it is open to the Age Grouper to participate!That was my first reaction when it was announced by the ITU last year. I have not missed following the WTS race last season on OSN Sports, So I was looking forward to see Javier Gomez-Noya, Jonathan and Alistair Brownlee, Henri Schoeman, Aaron Royle, Vincent Luis, Gwen Jorgensen, Sarah True (Groff), Emma Jackson et.al. I wasted no time to register when the registration open and I had to give Challenge Dubai (half distance) a miss.

I went to Abu Dhabi with the Triclub Doha contingent. They were the coolest group of people I have travelled with (other than DBRC and PelariStyloYo! off course). It was great when you feel a part of a team rather than going to an international race solo.  Other than Jilly, Lucy, Ewan, Sofian, Stu Hart, Kim Crawford, Alfons and Alan Sawyer who I already knew from Doha, I also made friends with Kathryn, Dave Walsh, Brian Sullivan, Lindis and Thomas Johansen. I was proud to walk around the race venue and our team hotel at Hilton in Team Doha shirt. We were very visible. Kudos to Ewan Cameron for all his effort to arrange for everything from the shirt, flight, accommodation and our trip itinerary.


We went to check on the swim course and had the swim practice in the morning. I forgot to bring my goggle but I was lucky that Brian had a spare one I could borrow. The water was calm, clean and surprisingly shallow that I could still see the sandy bottom. It was not that freezing cold and the braver ones of us chose not to wear the wetsuit.
After the swim practice (Picture by Kathryn)
We had a really big breakfast over the buffet before retreating to our rooms to set up our bikes and had a little rest before went back to the race village in the afternoon for Registration, bike check in and race briefing.

Breakfast / brunch
Teamwork. Kathryn had a bit of trouble setting up her bike when she lost few ball bearings from her Specialized Amira's fork crown. All good in the end
From Left: Lucy, Kathryn, Dave, Jilly, Alan, Brian and me before the bike check in.
I had a chance to have coffee with my ex-colleague who I have not met for 13 years, Azmi. He is now working in Abu Dhabi with a Malaysian company. While we reminiscing on the good old memories when we both worked on a school project in Malaysia, one very familiar athletic looking guy walked in and stood in front of our table. It was Jonathan Brownlee! The former 2012 World Champion and 2014 World No. 3 Johnny! I did not waste the opportunity to have a picture with him and wished him good luck for tomorrow.

With Jonathan Brownlee, Starstruck!

Carbo loading; had a lovely time meeting my old running buddy Peter Whatley and his family.   

The Race Morning

I did not feel the normal pre-race jitters like I always had before a typical marathon race. I was calm, happy and excited. I only feel a little nervous on the race morning. It probably because, I did not set any lofty target other than a new PB and not get beaten by Alan Sawyer LOL. We just walked from our hotel to the race venue at Abu Dhabi Sailing and Yacht Club. The venue looks awesome, the course looks good and everything was in place. We went to the transition area to set up our kit before dropping our bags and making our way to the beach for the start.
Race morning; after finalizing my transition area

The Swim

I took a place on the far right of the beach to avoid the pandemonium associated with the swim start because I knew I will not be able to outswim my competitors. I just let everyone go after the horn went off before taking my time to run, dolphin dive and started swimming.

Then there was problem. My goggle leaked. I stopped few times to adjust it but it still leaked. It was so uncomfortable and I had to put my head down in the water for as long as possible and closed my eyes when breathing. I thought that was a good strategy to prevent the super salty Arabian Gulf water from getting into my eyes and wash my contact lenses away. But then there was 2nd problem. I had poor sighting of the buoys and zigzagging the swim course. I ended up swimming 150m longer than I should. That was not the end of it. There was another problem. My wetsuit became a little loose after I lost a bit of weight since Challenge Bahrain. It leaked and collected plenty of water. The suit became so heavy to swim in. I even contemplated to take off the suit halfway into the swim.

I felt so miserable, and by the second buoy, swimmers in their pink caps who started 15 minutes later already overtaking me. I could not be happier when the swim was over and the volunteers helped to pull me out of the water at the landing pontoon.

At the swim start wih Abg. Sofian and Dave Walsh (Picture by Sofian)
Swim finish
Swim time: 40:31 Total Rank: 450/517 Finishers     

The Bike

Fatigued from the swim, I had a rather sluggish transition at T1. I took my time to rehydrate and downed a pack of gel before pushing my bike to the bike mounting line.  I started off strong on the bike knowing I had a lot to make up for the time I lost in the swim. The bike leg was a two laps circuit along Abu Dhabi Corniche and the causeway to the marina. We had tail wind on the way out from the marina and cross wind along the cornice but it was not too bad. I could still powered up a good bike split (well to my mediocre standard at least). I started overtaking people one after another. My confidence restored and I was actually enjoying it. Riding on the beautiful Abu Dhabi Corniche road was amazing. It was a strike contrast from the uninspiring ride up and down Doha's Ceremonial Road.
Awesome ride

Bike time: 1:17:36 Total Rank: 277/517

The Run

I was still feeling great after the bike. Like a starving lion, I was hungry to hunt for more prey and I could hear my evil laugh inside of me. I couldn't settle into the run rhythm until about a kilometer from the lack of bike-run brick trainings but once I found it, I just locked the gear and set my cruise control at 4:30 min/km pace. I felt really good despite the warm weather. I was so happy and thankful for the opportunity to race in an ITU event. I was literally smiling along the way. I realized it then, this is what I like to be doing; triathlon. I was enjoying my run until km 8 when I had a cramp. That was a hard 2 km and I cannot wait to see the sight of the spectacular grand stand arena where the finish line was. I took out the Malaysian flag that was neatly tucked in my back pocket as I entered the arena and sprinted on the blue carpet with the Jalur Gemilang flying in my back like a cape. I cannot describe how proud I was when I heard the crowd on the grand stand shouted 'Malaysia Boleh'. It was one of the best feeling ever. I crossed the finish line in 2:51:13, a new PB and had overtaken 140 people in the bike and run. Alhamdullilah.

So proud to represent Malaysia in the WTS even if it was only in the Age Group race

Kerana Mu Malaysia

Run time: 47:16 Total Rank : 142/517

Total time: 2:51:13  Rank Total: 310/517


We went back to the race village in the afternoon to see the elite races live from the grand stand. It was totally awesome to be part of the race and watched it live. I cannot wait to be back here again in 2016. Thank you Abu Dhabi.

Had a fantastic time watching the elites teaching us some lessons
The transition was so quick, you cant afford to blink an eye
A perfect ending to my Abu Dhabi experience. The best Nasi Lemak in the UAE  hanks Hazli and Zu for entertaining my crave and Congratulations on the arrival of the new family member.
Will be back here again in 2016, InshaAllah

Wednesday, 4 March 2015

Port Dickson International Triathlon 2014

10 August 2014

I can  finally call myself a triathlete after competing in my first Olympic Distance triathlon at the Port Dickson International Triathlon (PDIT). My biggest worry before the race was the open water swim and I have never swim 1500m continuously. The longest continuous swim I did before coming to PD was probably the 500m during Aspire Aquathon series and I was really bad at it. I haven't done much swimming at all to be honest and I hate swimming. My short and stubby body was not designed to be an efficient swimmer anyway. I only swim once a week with Hamilton Aquatics from December last year and for PDIT, I swam twice or three times a week for 2 months. It was not nearly enough but my goal was just to finish the 1500m swim and not drowning. The advice I received from Phil Emslie during Splash and Dash sessions at Aspire pool and the coaches at Hamilton really helped to transform me from a 'boleh blah' into a 'boleh lah'  kind of swimmer. I also received valuable tips from my eldest brother, Hanafi who is a swim coach and a triathlete himself when I met him during the Eid.

I went to Port Dickson 3 days earlier with my family and 2 sisters in-law (unpaid nannies). It was a well deserved beach holiday for my wife and the kids after our hectic travelling for Raya. We stayed at Tanjung Tuan Regency Resort which was very close to the race venue. I had the opportunity to swim and cycled the race course twice before the race day. In fact I swam 1900m in 42 min the day before the event. It really boosted my confidence for this race.


I was feeling good and calm before the the swim start. I took my time and let others fight for the swim lead position. I was just walk slowly into the calm waters of the Straits of Malacca while others sprinted off the beach and dolphin dived into the sea. The words of advise from the race director during the briefing session last night was my mantra. He said 'If you're doing it for the first time, then you should just take your time and enjoy the race. You will not win it anyway'  .One good thing about starting at the back was you were saved from the kicks and punches or people crawl on your back but the disadvantage was you will get blocked by the breast strokers! They made an impassable wall of 10-15 bodies across. I was being held up until about 250m out. Damn it, I did not planned for this. I found an opening in between the breast strokers and pushed myself forward then suddenly, bang! I was kicked right on my face. It was so painful it felt like I broke my nose and my goggle was dislocated. I was panicked. I stop and water tread to gain my focus and fix my goggle before continuing my swim. I managed to get pass the breast stokers on my second attempt. I saw there was a big gap between me and the mid pack swimmers when I took the left turn at the first buoy. I just kept my rhythm and swim as gracefully as possible (at least that how I think I swam). I remember the instructions I got from Phil Emslie, to extend my hand as far as possible for a long full stroke, swim wide and keep my balance. It was a nice swim in the calm water of the marina and I was not as tired as I had imagined. Maybe because I did not fight the water and took my time. I swam pretty much by myself all the way as I was too slow to catch the front crawlers and too fast for the breast strokers. I finished the swim in 35 minutes. One thing that I don't particularly like about PDIT was the run was split in two parts. First the 800m beach run after the swim before T1, and the remaining 9.2km during the actual run leg. It took me almost 7 minutes from the swim exit to T1 for a total time of 42:09 finishing 448th overall (123rd category).

At the start of the Swim (see if you can spot me hiding)


I raced to the bike mounting line after a quick transition at T1. I knew this was going to be a one hell of a ride. I rode the course and I hate those undulating hills. Live in Doha, I have never seen let alone ride on one. All the Cervelos, Specializeds, Pinarellos, BMCs passing me like I was cycling on a turbo trainer. At that point I regretted for not taking my Specialized bike with me. The Merida bike I rented was so heavy and it made worse by my already poor bike skills and fitness. It was hills after hills and I didn't gain much speed from going downhill either. It was a draft legal race but it did not give me any advantage as I was not able to keep up with a group or anyone faster. I ended up working on my own the entire 40km. I just cant wait to get over with the bike and start running to make up for the lost time. Total bike time 1:29:45 (632nd Overall/ 192nd Category).

Racing to bike mounting line at T1 (I know what you thinking. You must be wondering how was I only few steps ahead from that uncle in the blue top)

At the end of the bike leg, Qatar boy needs some hills training 


Apart from running, I think Transition is my favourite part of triathlons. It is so exciting transitioning from one sport to another. I did not waste time and already sprinted out of transition area after a quick change of shoes at T2. It's hunting time I said. I visualized how Gwen Jorgensen overtaking other contestants one by one before winning her races. I was mean and focus, almost selfish. I imagined other competitors as my prey and I was a tiger. It felt so good overtaking them and I grew stronger when others were limping. It by all means not an easy course to run. Only half of the course was on tarmac. The other half was trail run on the beach and a bit in mangrove swamp and on a wooden bridge. It was exciting though. I loved it. I could do it all day. All my fatigue was gone when I saw my family at the resort when ran passed them. They thought they have missed me and were expected me to pass the resort a lot earlier among the top. I finally crossed the finish line in 47:39 run time. My run placed me 127th overall and 35th in my category. How I wish if the run was longer.

My total time was 2:59:34 placing in 381st overall / 112nd category. Happy days. 

And onto my strongest discipline, run  
With my triathlon mentor, Sofian Ismail

Saturday, 28 February 2015

ITU World Triathlon Abu Dhabi T-6 days

It is less than a week for my second Olympic Distance triathlon in Abu Dhabi. Though I was not prepared for the race specifically and only doing it for the experience and cross training, it should be a good experience racing the WTS race. I would also got the chance to see the likes of Gomez the Browlees, Mola, Vincent Luis and Jorgensen belting each other in the season opener.

How I felt after the long open water swim and run this morning

Sunday, 22 February 2015

RAK Half Marathon 2015

RAKHM134 that was the password for my desktop at work. Everyday I told myself that I want to run RAK Half Marathon this year in 1:34. I believe I am mentally stronger and armed with a better endurance level from my long triathlon and marathon trainings coming into the race. I will also have great supports from my DBRC and PelariStyloYo (PSY) mates. There will be JC who will lead the charge at 1:20ish. Joost will run 1:25ish with Paul Smith if he managed to recover from his fever. If not he can pace me. Then I will have Gareth Stride probably running around 1:35 ish and Davy who is about my pace. So I will catch the sights of JC, Joost and other faster DBRC runners at every turn around to boost my morale, then I will use Gareth as my target to hunt and make sure I wont be overtaken by the lanky Belgian Davy who I have lost to by few minutes last year. If he beats me again then it will be all over. Another positive for this year is, I am going to RAK with 7 others from PSY (Yusry, Sham, Nik, Kube, Abe, Aizal, Latif and Bulat). These guys will give me extra boost when I see them on the course. At least that was the plan. My grand RAKHM134 mission plan.

Like the famous Malay saying, 'Kita Hanya Merancang, Hanya Allah Yang Menentukan', the plan was not materialized. I had a severe food poisoning the day before the race. I was forced to pull off the highway 3 times while driving to Ras Al-Khaimah to throw up. First it was all water, then all the green bile stuff then it was all blood. I was panicked. Other than feeling nausea and stomach pain, I was feeling ok. The last meal I had was a bowl of tuna salad at Doha Airport. I was not the only one, Nik and Yusry were also seen baiting the trap few times at Manar Mall. I consulted my coach, she advised me not to race. Claire Stride (Gareth's wife) said the same thing. So you bet I would just heed their advise and had a nice lie in? Hell no. I was as stubborn as a mule. I would walk the whole way if I had to. I had been through far worse before Paris Marathon 2013. It didn't stop me from running the marathon.

13 February 2015

Me and the PSY guys were very excited. Our spirits were at an all time high. Probably because this was the biggest running trip we had so far. We just walked from the hotel to the start. After checked in the bag and taking few wefies, I wished the guys good luck and went to the preferred start chute where I met with JC, Joost, Paul and Davy. Joost was still sick and also battling with diarrhea and Davy was complaining about the lack of fitness. Things started going south even before the gun was fired for many of us. My goal now is just to have a PB no matter how small and run faster than 4:40/km pace. The pace from my current PB. I was cruising around my target pace until Km 7 when suddenly I felt tired. My battery drained. I was running out of gas. I tried to press on then there was pain in my stomach. I took a packet of gel and pop in a Hammer Endurolyte. This cant be happening.  No way, not this early, not in RAK. RAK has been my hunting ground for PB in the last three occasions. To add salt to the wound, Davy nonchalantly overtook me before the 7km turn around. I tried to draft on him but he went too fast and it was too much a risk to gamble on. I repeated the mantra 'mind over matter, you are stronger than you know' over and over again. One good thing about RAK Half Marathon is the KM markers were made of inflatable arches that resemble a typical finish line. From there I treated each km as a race by itself. It was the race between me and the 4:40/km pace. I was battling fatigued, stomach pain and my negative thoughts. I treated each of the kilometre marker arch was a finish line by itself. I imagined those arches pulling me to them. I won the battle 7 times in the 14 x 1km mini races I had with my current PB and lost 7 including a bathroom stop. I caught the sight of Gareth after the turnaround at 16th km and draw closer. I cant possibly ran faster. He was struggling and stop near the roundabout after KM 17. He told me that he had a pulled hamstring when I overtook him. Seeing Gareth fading affected my morale considerably. The evil voice in my head kept saying, 'It's ok you can walk now, you don't have to prove to anyone' . I would have found the reason to give up very reasonable and it was too convenient to quit, but it was just the opposite. I have never worked harder. My average heart rate was 179 bpm scoring an Epic Suffer score in Strava. I gave everything I have but it was not enough. I crossed the finish line in 1:39:38! Equalling my PB to the seconds.

I was not disappointed. In fact I was happy. Yes I failed but I failed trying. All other PSY guys did amazing too. All finished below their target time and we are still talking about our race experiences. Thank you RAK, never failed to deliver.

Race Result:

Time (Nett): 1:39:38
Rank Total: 213rd / 1817
Rank Male: 180th / 1177
Shoe: Saucony Kinvara 4

From Top clockwise: (1)Racing against my old PB (2) I ran RAK half this year as a tribute to DBRC and my adopted country, the State of Qatar. I am forever grateful for all the support I get and meeting many inspiring people since I joined DBRC (3) Malaysia's presence is more visible this year as PelariStyloYo made up 8 of 14 Malaysians contingent (4) Some of my awesome DBRC buddies, Joost, JC and Davy (5) Demi Negara yang tercinta


From Johor to Boston

I took up running in July 2011 after my BMI rating shows Pre Obese. I was 10kg overweight. My doctor advised me to excercise for 30 min every day, quit smoking and eat healthy.I cannot even run a full 1km without taking walk breaks when I first started. But I can proudly call myself a marathon runner a year after. I joined Doha Bay Running Club in January 2012 and I am glad to be surrounded with like minded people around me. My goal is now to qualify for Boston Marathon.